Научно-публицистический журнал “Центр и периферия”
The scientific journal “Center and Periphery”
Manyshev S. B.
The Caucasian War has become one of the main subjects in the history of the peoples of the region. Its completion led to the final establishment of Russian power in the Caucasus. Marking their presence here, imperial administrators used practices typical of other empires, related to the installation of monuments dedicated to the victories of Russian weapons. The article deals with the memorialization of the events of the Caucasian War in Dagestan in the second half of the XIX — the early XX century. Special attention is paid to the so-called Baryatinsky gazebo. The main event of the Caucasian War in the North-Eastern Caucasus was the capture of Imam Shamil on Mount Ghunib. It was here, above the stone where Prince A. I. Baryatinsky accepted the surrender of the imam, that a special shed was built. Based on archival materials from the funds of Russian and foreign archives, introduced into scientific circulation for the first time, on literature data the history of the construction of this structure, as well as historical facts of its destruction and restoration at the end of the XIX century are considered. The diverse illustrative material (pre-revolutionary photographs, postcards, paintings by artists) made it possible to follow and better imagine the various constructive changes that had been made to the Baryatinsky gazebo for half a century.
Keywords: Caucasian War, Dagestan, Imam Shamil, Prince A. I. Baryatinsky, history, monuments, memorialization
For citation: Manyshev SB. “This is the stone General and Field Marshal Prince Baryatinsky sat on...”: (Memory of the Caucasian War in Dagestan in the Late Imperial period). Center and Periphery. 2023;18(1):45—51. EDN AXWEUY
1. Memoirs of General and Field Marshal Count Dmitry Alekseevich Milyutin. 1856—1860. Moscow;2004. (In Russ.)
2. Kalinin A. In the wilds of the Caucasus (Across Dagestan). Moscow;1917. (In Russ.)
3. Lapin VV. The Russian Army in the Caucasian War of the XVIII — XIX centuries. St. Petersburg;2008. (In Russ.)
4. Moskvich G. An illustrated practical guide to the Caucasus. Odessa;1902. (In Russ.)
5. Soltan V. On Ghunib in 1859 and 1871. Russian antiguity. 1892:(5):391—418. (In Russ.)
6. Takhnaeva PI. Ghunib, August 1859. “The last days of jihad in Dagestan…”. Makhachkala;2018. (In Russ.)
7. Tkachenko DS. “...And only the stone these buildings are built from is considered the property of the military department”: memorialization of the events of the Caucasian War in the XIX — the early XX century. Caucasian collection. Moscow;2017;10(42):220—231. (In Russ.)
8. Tkachenko DS. The end of the Caucasian War in the North-Eastern Caucasus in the monumental practice of the imperial authorities of the XIX — the early XX centuries. Scientific thought of the Caucasus. 2017;(4):107—114. (In Russ.)
9. Trepavlov VV. Tsarist travels to the Caucasus. Members of the imperial family in fortresses and auls. Motherland. 2015;(10):102—107. (In Russ.)
10. Three months in the Dagestan detachment (1877). Ancient and new Russia. 1880;(11):417—496. (In Russ.)
11. Shtukenberg AA. Trip to the Caucasus. Kazan;1901. (In Russ.)
Information about the author:
Sergey B. Manyshev, Senior Researcher of Sector for the Caucasus of the Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations of the Russian Academy of Sciences (23 Profsoyuznaya Str., Moscow 117997, Russia); Senior Researcher of Center for the Study of Central Asia, the Caucasus and the Ural-Volga Region of the Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences (12 Rozhdestvenka Str., Moscow 107031, Russia), Candidate of Historical Sciences, ORCID https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5276-7743, Researcher ID: U-6728-2019, Scopus ID: 0000-0002-5276-7743, email@example.com
Conflict of interests: the author declares no conflict of interests.
The author has read and approver the final version of the manuscript.
The article was submitted 01.09.2022; approved after reviewing 30.09.2022; accepted for publication 06.10.2022.