Научно-публицистический журнал “Центр и периферия”
The scientific journal “Center and Periphery”
Bayramov R. S., Korovin V. V.
Before the 80th anniversary of the end of the Battle of Kursk, the generalization of the experience of logistical support for the troops of the Central Front on the eve and during the Battle of Kursk becomes the most relevant. The rear structures of the front fully provided the troops with the necessary material and technical equipment both in the preparatory period and in the course of defensive and offensive operations on the northern face of the Kursk Bulge. The logistical support of the troops was accompanied with the solution of a number of problems. One of them was the labor shortage for construction and restoration work in the defense zone of the Central Front. In order to meet the needs for labor resources, it was decided to mobilize the local population for defense construction work: construction, restoration and maintenance of defensive lines, roads, railways, bridges and other destroyed infrastructure. Special attention was also paid to the collection of captured weapons, property and scrap metal, in which local residents of different ages, including children, who had valuable information about the location of the property left by the enemy, were directly involved. Measures to attract the local population to help the rear services of the Central Front were extremely important for the organization of the full functioning of both individual rear units and the rear as a whole. In the absence of the necessary volume of labor resources and due to the untimely arrival of rear units at a new location in the Kursk Bulge area, at the initial stage of preparation, it was the forces of the local population, as far as possible, that provided logistical support of troops of the Central Front.
Keywords: the Battle of Kursk, Central Front, local population, restoration of roads, construction of defensive lines
Funding: the study was carried out with the financial support of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research within the framework of the scientific project No. 20-39-90001/20.
For citation: Bayramov RS, Korovin VV. Assistance of the local population to the rear services of the Central front during the preparation for the Battle of Kursk. Center and Periphery. 2023;18(2):52—57. EDN DCIVVL
1. Argunov ON. Kursk village during the preparation and conduct of the battle on the Kursk Bulge. Events and people in the documents of the Kursk archives. Сollection of articles. Kursk;2017;(16):4—19. (In Russ.)
2. Berezovskaya EB. The labor feat of the Kursk youth during the Great Patriotic War. War and the fate of youth: the experience of understanding and the problems of preserving historical memory. Proceedings. Kursk;2021:12—16. (In Russ.)
3. Velichko AV, Golovin EA, Korovin VV. Youth participation in restoration and defence construction works on the territory of Kursk region (1943 — 1944). Izvestiya Voronezh State Pedagogical University. 2019;(3):92—95. URL: http://izvestia.vspu.ac.ru/izvestia_2019_v284_N3.html (In Russ.)
4. Kardashov VI. Rokossovsky. Moscow;1980. (In Russ.)
5. Kononov NG. Kursk village in the years of great trials 1941 — 1945. Kursk;2015. (In Russ.)
6. Kononov NG. On the labor feat of food industry workers of the Kursk region on the eve and during the Battle of Kursk. History of the Battle of Kursk: problems and prospects for research and preservation of memory. Proceedings. Kursk;2018:176—184. (In Russ.)
7. Mirenkov AI. The military economic factor in the Battle of Stalingrad and the Battle of Kursk. Moscow;2005. (In Russ.)
8. Bormotova AR [et al.]. Protection of the rear of the Soviet troops by the SMERSH military counterintelligence agencies, the People’s Commissariat of State Security and the fighter battalions of the NKVD of the Kursk region during the Battle of Kursk. Scientific notes. 2012;(1):113—120. URL: http://scientific-notes.ru/magazine/archive/number/23 (In Russ.)
9. Memo on the collection of captured weapons and property. Moscow;1943. (In Russ.)
10. Plotnikov VM. The role of the rear in the victory at the Kursk Bulge. Kharkov;1969. (In Russ.)
11. Russian archive: Great Patriotic. Vol. 16(5-3): Headquarters of the Supreme High Command: documents and materials. 1943. Moscow;1999. (In Russ.)
12. Yatsenko KV, Rodionova EN, Mikhailova AV, Gerasimov GV. Activities of party and state structures and the population of the Kursk region to provide assistance to the wounded on the eve and during the Battle of Kursk. Scientific notes. 2010;(4):73—81. URL: http://scientific-notes.ru/magazine/archive/number/17 (In Russ.)
Information about the authors:
Ruslan S. Bayramov, Lecturer of Department of Constitutional and Civil Law of the Kursk Academy of State and Municipal Service (9 Stantsionnaya Str., Kursk 305044, Russia), ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0210-5773, firstname.lastname@example.org
Vladimir V. Korovin, Professor of Department of Constitutional Law of the Southwest State University (94 50 let Oktyabrya Str., Kursk 305040, Russia), Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8353-526X, email@example.com
Contribution of the authors:
Bayramov R. S. — analysis of historiography and archival documents, writing the original version of the article;
Korovin V. V. — critical analysis and scientific editing of the text.
Conflict of interests: the authors declare no conflict of interests.
The authors have read and approved the final version of the manuscript.
The article was submitted 29.03.2023; approved after reviewing 24.04.2023; accepted for publication 28.04.2023.