UDK 94(47)08(470.4/5)(093)




Archival materials


Village everyday life of the 1920s in the fates of rural correspondents (on the example of the Mari Autonomous Region)


Ivanov A. A., Petrov A. A.



The most important direction of the state agrarian policy of the 1920s was a course called “Face to the Village”. Its implementation implied cultural and economic transformations in the village, including the creation of a special peasant press. The rural correspondents’ movement, which not only regularly provided materials to newspapers and magazines, but also actively participated in social transformations in the countryside, played one of the key roles in that process. Revealing various shortcomings and being a kind of official policy guides among fellow villagers, rural correspondents often became targets of attacks. One of such episodes of village everyday life, which caused the most significant social and political resonance with the participation of both regional and central authorities, is considered in the documentary collection given below on the example of the Mari Autonomous Region.


Keywords: the Mari Autonomous Region, peasants, press, “Yoshkar Keche”, “Mari Village”, rural correspondents


For citation: Ivanov AA, Petrov AA. Village everyday life of the 1920s in the fates of rural correspondents (on the example of the Mari Autonomous Region). Center and Periphery. 2024;19(2):31—42. EDN DDBWAB





1. Ivanov AA, Petrov OM. From the history of the origin and formation of printing in the Republic of Mari El (late XIX — first third of the XX century). Vestnik of the Mari State University. Chapter “History. Law”. 2020;6(2):128—134. (In Russ.)

2. Kondrashin VV. Politics “Facing the Village”: did the NEP have potential in the agrarian sector of the country’s economy? Historical Courier. 2022;(4):80—92. (In Russ.)

3. Petrov OM. The press of the Mari Autonomous Oblast in 1927 — 1925: problems of formation. Bulletin of the Research Institute of the Humanities by the Government of the Republic of Mordovia. 2022;(1):95—105. URL: http://vestnikniign.ru/gallery/V-1-2022-st11.pdf (In Russ.)


Information about the authors:

Aleksey A. Ivanov, Professor of Department of Russian History of the Mari State University (1 Lenin Square, Yoshkar-Ola 424000, Russia), Doctor of Historical Sciences, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0009-0001-7521-8157, Ivanov.al.1974@bk.ru

Oleg M. Petrov, Researcher of the Mari Scientific Research Institute of Language, Literature and History named after V. M. Vasiliev (44 Krasnoarmeyskaya Str., Yoshkar-Ola 424036, Russia), Candidate of Historical Sciences, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0009-0003-7932-3557, petrovom@mail.ru


Contribution of the authors:

Ivanov A. A. — concept development, critical analysis of sources, scientific editing of the text, preparation of the preface;

Petrov O. M. — development of the concept, identification of sources, preparation of the preface.


Conflict of interests: the authors declare no conflict of interests.


The authors have read and approved the final version of the manuscript.


The article was submitted 22.01.2024; approved after reviewing 01.03.2024; accepted for publication 04.03.2024.