Научно-публицистический журнал “Центр и периферия”
The scientific journal “Center and Periphery”
Guseva T. M., Lychev D. I.
Nowadays, when Russia is in difficult conditions of civilizational confrontation, the study of the experience of military commissariats establishment is important and relevant. In this article, using the example of two uyedz military commissariats of the Simbirsk and Tambov Governorates, the historical aspects of the formation and activity of the new at that time bodies of military authorities in the conditions of the Civil War are considered. The main materials for the study were documents of the lower uyezd commissariats taken from the funds of the Central State Archive of the Republic of Mordovia. Using comparative, statistical, causal and historical-systemic methods, the authors analyzed the activities of the Ardatovsky Uyezd Military Commissariat of the Simbirsk Governorate and the Temnikovsky Uyezd Military Commissariat of the Tambov Governorate. It is concluded that during the Civil War, military commissariats played an important role: in addition to mobilizing the population, employees of military authorities fought the theft, ensured order in the controlled territory, provided the army with provisions and horse-drawn transport, fought against desertion and evaders.
Keywords: the Civil War, Soviet power, military commissariat, mobilization, soldiers, deserters, Ardatovsky Uyezd Military Commissariat of the Simbirsk Governorate, Temnikovsky Uyezd Military Commissariat of the Tambov Governorate
Acknowledgments: the authors express their gratitude to the staff of the Central State Archive of the Republic of Mordovia for the materials provided for writing the article.
For citation: Guseva TM, Lychev DI. Military Commissariats born of the revolution. Center and Periphery. 2023;18(2):46—51. EDN DBMGTY
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Information about the authors:
Tatyana M. Guseva, Principal Researcher — Head of Department of History of the Research Institute of the Humanities by the Government of the Republic of Mordovia (3 L. Tolstogo Str., Saransk 430005, Russia), Doctor of Historical Sciences, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7417-6664, firstname.lastname@example.org
Dmitry I. Lychev, Competitor of Department of History of the Research Institute of the Humanities by the Government of the Republic of Mordovia (3 L. Tolstogo Str., Saransk 430005, Russia), ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8318-193X, email@example.com
Contribution of the authors:
Guseva T. M. — development of the concept, scientific work, critical analysis and scientific editing of the text;
Lychev D. I. — data collection and analysis of the files of the funds of the Central State Archive of the Republic of Mordovia, literature, writing the initial version of a scientific article.
Conflict of interests: the authors declare no conflict of interests.
The authors have read and approved the final version of the manuscript.
The article was submitted 27.02.2023; approved after reviewing 14.04.2023; accepted for publication 21.04.2023.