UDK 39




Original article


On the issue of formation of the semantic field of the Mordovian sign system in the studies of the XIX — XXI centuries


Zubov I. V., Kudashkina I. N.



The article is devoted to the evolution of understanding the codification-sign system of the Mordvins in the works of domestic and foreign scholars. The main approaches to the decryption and interpretation of graphic signs and ideograms — teshks, recorded in archival documents, common in decorative and applied arts, found on ritual monuments, individual household items belonging to the Mordovian family, used in its property relations are considered. The research material included published works of historians, cultural scientists, philosophers and ethnographers, as well as field expedition records. The conclusion is made about the influence of the mythological worldview on the functions of certain types of signs. Gaps in the study of signs and the sign system as a source of information about the traditional culture and way of life of the Mordvins are identified.


Keywords: symbol, sign, family and ancestral signs, property signs, system, decorative and applied arts, the Mordvins


Funding: the article was prepared with the support of the grant PFKI-24-1-009406 “Hieroglyphs of the Mordvins. Symbols of ancient writing system in ornaments and ancestral signs, linguistic features of the formation of images in the literary word and oral poetic heritage”.


For citation: Zubov IV, Kudashkina IN. On the issue of formation of the semantic field of the Mordovian sign system in the studies of the XIX — XXI centuries. Center and Periphery. 2024;19(2):43—52. EDN EWEMSN





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Information about the authors:

Igor V. Zubov, Principal Researcher — Head of Department of Literature and Folklore of the Research Institute of the Humanities by the Government of the Republic of Mordovia (3 L. Tolstogo Str., Saransk 430005, Russia), Candidate of Philosophical Sciences, Associated Professor, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2836-7969, komoro@rambler.ru

Inna N. Kudashkina, Head of Department of Ethnography of the Mordovian Republican United Museum of Local Lore named after I. D. Voronin (2 Saranskaya Str., Saransk 430005, Russia); Postgraduate Student of Department of Theory and History Culture of the Research Institute of the Humanities by the Government of the Republic of Mordovia (3 L. Tolstogo Str., Saransk 430005, Russia), ORCID: https://orcid.org/0009-0001-9584-5086, innakudashkina@yandex.ru


Contribution of the authors:

Zubov I. V. — concept development, methodology development, data collection and literature analysis, writing the initial version of the article;

Kudashkina I. N. — data collection, editing of translations of the national text.


Conflict of interests: the authors declare no conflict of interests.


The authors have read and approved the final version of the manuscript.


The article was submitted 12.04.2024; approved after reviewing 02.05.2024; accepted for publication 04.05.2024.